Home to Wall Street, Broadway, and the United Nations Headquarters, New York is often described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world. Yet, it is also the most populous city in the US and one of the most densely populated major cities in the world, boasting more than 8.5 million residents. As 66% of the global population is projected to move and reside in urban areas by 2050, the population of New York will also likely to climb significantly.

With a rapidly growing population, comes high energy consumption and carbon footprint. In 2020 alone, New York emitted about 56.5 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent, primarily derived from its busy transportation and intensive electricity usage. With the goal to reach net zero emissions by 2050, the Big Apple not only needs to decarbonise many of its sectors, but to become more sustainable overall. One of the ways to do so is by adopting smart technologies and transitioning into a smart city to be more energy efficient and minimising carbon emissions.